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Recent SEC Releases

Man Who Operated Charity As Ponzi Scheme Sentenced to Eight Years in Prison

A federal judge handed down an eight-year prison term to a man who duped investors out of millions of dollars in a Ponzi scheme that masqueraded as a charitable organization.  Joseph Angelo Sivigliano, 80, received the sentence from United States District Judge David Russell after a federal jury convicted Sivigliano earlier this year of forty-six criminal charges that included conspiracy, wire fraud, and money laundering.  While investors were told that investment proceeds would be used to benefit philanthropic ventures, in reality, Sivigliano operated an elaborate Ponzi scheme that ultimately took in nearly $4 million from investors.  Sivigliano was also ordered to pay more than $2.21 million to victims as restitution.

According to authorities, Sivigliano operated Helping Hearts and Hands ("HHH"), based in Bethany, Oklahoma.  Potential investors were assured that HHH was a 501(c)(3) charitable organization, and that profits earned from investments in real estate ventures would be used for humanitarian ventures such as the support of a Christian childcare facility known as "Teaching Little Hearts and Hands."  Aided by co-conspirators Dwight Pimson and Venus Marie Pimson, nearly 70 investors eventually entrusted $3.8 million to the operation.

However, rather than use investor funds to operate his "charity", prosecutors accused Sivigliano of operating a classic Ponzi scheme in which new money was used to pay returns to existing investors.  Additionally, investor funds were siphoned off for a variety of unauthorized purposes, including propping up several Sivigliano-owned businesses including Celebrity Limo and Valet and MC Productions, Inc.  Unbeknownst to investors, Sivigliano also failed to register himself and HHH  with Oklahoma securities regulators.  Victims were estimated to sustain total losses of approximately $1.7 million in the scheme.

Both Dwight and Venue Pimson agreed to plead guilty and cooperated with prosecutors in the case against Sivigliano.  Dwight Pimson later received a five-year prison term, while Venus Pimson was sentenced to a thirty-month term.  Each was also ordered to pay more than $2 million in restitution to victims.  


Reno Man Indicted For Alleged $2.1 Million Ponzi Scheme That Preyed On Elderly

A Nevada man was arrested Friday for what authorities described as a long-running Ponzi scheme targeting elderly investors that may have bilked victims out of at least $2 million.  Gary Harrison Lane, 59, was charged with twelve counts of mail fraud, as well as five counts of tax evasion, in a federal grand jury indictment unsealed in early August.  Mail fraud carries a maximum potential prison sentence of twenty years per offense, while tax evasion carries a maximum 5-year term. 

According to authorities, Lane was a long-time financial advisor at Bank of America Investment Services, which later merged with Merrill Lynch.  There, beginning in at least May 2002, Lane targeted inexperienced elderly investors with the promise of steady annual returns of six percent through investments in United States treasury bonds with maturities of two years or less.  Based on these representations, Lane convinced twelve elderly investors to entrust him with $2.1 million.  After he received the money, Lane would then send each investor written documentation purportedly confirming the purchase of the promised treasury bond(s). 

However, according to authorities, a treasury bond with a maturity of two years or less never had an annual return of anywhere close to six percent during the relevant time period.  Additionally, there was no record of Lane purchasing the investments through his employer.  Instead, Lane is alleged to have diverted investor funds to his wife, who would then in turn deposit the funds into an E*Trade owned by her.  Lane never purchased any treasury bonds as promised, said authorities; instead, the purported "confirmations" were fictitious and investor funds were used for Lane's personal expenses or to make Ponzi-style payments to existing investors. 

Financial advisors often face strict procedures for ensuring compliance with securities laws and regulations.  These include regular disclosure of any outside business activities or unauthorized sales of securities, as well as prohibitions on targeting inexperienced or susceptible investors.  These duties are serious matters for brokerages and broker-dealers, who can face liability for failure to adequately supervise rogue financial advisors.  Indeed, several lawsuits appear to have already been brought and settled against Lane's former employers accusing them of failures to supervise Lane.  As such settlements are often accompanied by confidentiality agreements, specifics are unavailable.  


Miami Accountant Gets Seven Years For $5 Million Ponzi Scheme

A Miami man received a seven-year sentence in federal prison for masterminding a Ponzi scheme that took in $5 million from victims.  Juan Carlos Rodriguez, 49, faced up to twenty years after pleading guilty to wire fraud in June.  In addition to the sentence, United States District Judge William Dimitrouleas ordered Rodriguez to pay nearly $1.1 million in restitution to his victims, along with a $10,000 fine. Before being taken into custody, Rodriguez apologized to Judge Dimitrouleas and pledged to satisfy his restitution obligations.  

Rodriguez operated Vares Tax, which performed various accounting work for clients.  Using those connections, Rodriguez solicited his clients to invest with him through his investment business, MDN Financial, Inc. ("MDN").  Potential investors were promised monthly returns ranging from twenty to fifty percent through investments in stocks, bonds, and other securities - promises which resulted in approximately 116 investors entrusting nearly $5 million.  Offering 6-month to 1-year investment periods, Rodriguez encouraged investors to "roll-over" their acquired gains into a new investment, to which most investors complied.  Some investors also received regular "annuity" payments in an effort to lend an air of legitimacy to the scheme.  

However, Rodriguez's operations - purporting to pay annual returns exceeding 400% - were nothing more than a Ponzi scheme, with Rodriguez failing to invest as advertised and instead using investor funds for a variety of unauthorized purposes.  This included hundreds of thousands of dollars in mortgage, credit card, and car payments.  In October 2010, as investor redemption requests faced increasing delays, Rogriguez vanished from his office, and the scheme collapsed.  According to authorities, victim losses were pegged at $1.9 million.

Prosecutor Robert Luck termed Rodriguez's promise to repay victims as "comical" and suggested that victims would likely only receive pennies on the dollar.  


Authorities Charge Scott Rothstein's Wife With Concealing $1 Million Of Jewelry

The wife of convicted Ponzi schemer Scott Rothstein was charged by authorities on Thursday with concealing over $1 million of assets purchased with proceeds of her husband's $1.4 billion Ponzi scheme. According to charging documents, Mrs. Rothstein and several others conspired to withhold numerous pieces of jewelry from the federal government after Rothstein's scheme was uncovered, including a 12.08 carat diamond ring.  In a criminal information, Kim Rothstein was charged with conspiracy to commit money laundering, obstruction of justice, and witness tampering.  While the charges carry possible maximum sentences of at least 5 years, the choice of charging document suggests that a plea deal has been reached or is in the works.

According to authorities, Rothstein and two others, including her former attorney Scott F. Saidel, took steps to prevent numerous pieces of jewelry from being turned over to federal authorities that was purchased with tainted proceeds of her husband's scheme.  In addition to the mentioned 12.08 carat diamond ring, other withheld pieces of jewelry included:

  • An engagement ring and wedding band with 18 emerald cut diamonds;
  • 10 watches, including a Rolex with leopard design, a woman's Piaget and a platinum/diamond Pierre Kunz;
  • 5 sets of earrings, several necklaces, and a variety of gold coins;
  • Pearl, diamond, and sapphire cufflinks, and 50 1-ounce gold bars

After the items were withheld from authorities, Rothstein and two others attempted to sell several of the pieces to local jewelers, two of which were also charged by authorities.  Additionally, Scott Rothstein was also pressured to lie to investigators about the whereabouts of the missing jewelry.  

Besides Rothstein and Saidel, three others were charged.  The two jewelers, Eddy Marin and Patrick Daoud, had charges filed against them in a type of charging document that does not suggest a forthcoming plea deal.  Indeed, Daoud's attorney, Fred Haddad, has indicated that his client will be fighting the charges against him, which include obstruction of justice and perjury concerning the 12-carat ring.  

In a 2010 story from NBC Miami, it was reported that Kim Rothstein forfeited approximately 300 pieces of jewelry to authorities worth nearly $1 million after the scheme collapsed.  


SEC Charges Stanford Executives With Securities Violations  

The Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") announced Friday it had instituted administrative proceedings against three former executives of Stanford Group Co. ("SGC"), which formed part of the massive $7 billion Ponzi scheme perpetrated by R. Allen Stanford.  Former SGC President Daniel Bogar, Chief Compliance Officer Bernerd E. Young, and Private Client Group President Jason T. Green (the "Respondents") were charged with multiple violations of federal securities laws, alleging that they failed to disclose key facts to Stanford investors despite their key roles in the preparation of offering documents and training material to pitch the investments.  The SEC is seeking a hearing to determine whether sanctions should be imposed, including disgorgement of ill-gotten gains, civil penalties, and a cease-and-desist order from committing future violations.

SGC operated as the exclusive conduit for Stanford International Bank ("SIB") to sell its certificates of deposit (CD's) to investors.  These CD's were pitched to clients as safe and secure, owing to their inclusion in a carefully-managed and  well-diversified portfolio of marketable and liquid securities.  Additionally, investors were assured that SIB maintained a comprehensive insurance program, excess FDIC coverage, and other insurance policies that provided depositor security.  However, in reality, SIB was operated as a massive Ponzi scheme by its creator, Allen Stanford, and fabricated  returns while using investor funds to make Ponzi payments to other investors and finance the operations of Stanford's other businesses.  The multiple layers of insurance were also nonexistent.  After being indicted in 2009 along with several other executives, Stanford was convicted by a federal jury in 2012 and sentenced to serve 110 years in prison.

Consistent with their duties at SGC, Bogar, Young and Green oversaw due diligence on SIB and traveled regularly to Antigua to review offering documents and meet with bank officials.  During these meetings, according to the SEC, they knew or should have known that the SIB offering documents made multiple false or misleading representations to investors. Despite these inaccuracies, Bogar and Young allegedly approved the documents and training materials for marketing to investors, each earning several million dollars over the course of their employment with SGC.  Green, who held multiple securities licenses and served as a financial adviser, sold millions of dollars in CDs to investors while making similar misrepresentations.  

Alleging that the Respondents' conduct both violated federal securities laws and aided and abetted SIB and SGC's violations of federal securities law, the SEC instituted administrative proceedings.  The decision to bring administrative proceedings, rather than formal civil proceedings, is an unusual move.  Administrative proceedings are generally more restrictive than civil proceedings, and frequently operate on an expedited schedule. For example, the SEC has ordered that the Respondents must answer the allegations within twenty days, and a hearing must take place on the allegations within sixty days.  Additionally, the administrative law judge overseeing the matter must issue an initial decision within three hundred days.  

The SEC has taken heat for filing administrative, rather than civil, proceedings in the past, most recently by former Goldman Sachs director Rajat Gupta.  Accused of insider trading, Gupta responded to the proceeding with his own lawsuit, accusing the SEC of using an administrative proceeding to deprive him of certain rights including the right to a trial by jury and to be treated as had similar defendants accused of insider trading.  After a New York federal judge allowed Gupta's suit against the SEC to proceed and publicly questioned the choice to bring an administrative proceeding rather than a federal lawsuit, the SEC later dropped its proceeding.  While Gupta hailed the decision as a victory, such optimism was short-lived.  Indeed, several months later, the SEC used its "full might" to charge Gupta with criminal charges of inside trading, where he was subsequently convicted and faces decades in prison when he is sentenced on October 17.  As a prominent New York lawyer later remarked, "If you have done wrong, do not play the matador and wave a red rag against the bull in the arena.”